HEMP SEEDS IN WESTERN MEDICAL HISTORY
THE WORKS OF POPE JOHN XXI & St. HILDEGARD OF BINGEN
For obvious reasons we simply can’t go over every detail involving hemp seed oil and its historical role in western medicine. Thus it might be best to simply allow two representative writers from the era do that for us. Below are the works of a Catholic Pontiff (John XXI), as well as a catholic Saint (Hildegard of Bingen).
POPE JOHN XXI (1215 – 1277)
Born Pedro Julião (Latin, Petrus Iulianus), a Portuguese also called Pedro Hispano (Latin, Petrus Hispanus, was Pope from 1276 until his death about eight months later. Pope John XXI was also a physician, being the only pope ever to be so.
Surprisingly, one of the most comprehensive recipe books for pre and post-coital contraception was written by Pedro Hispano, who offered advice on birth control and how to provoke menstruation in his immensely popular Thesaurus Pauperum (Treasure of the Poor). Many of Peter’s recipes have been found surprisingly effective by contemporary research. --- The Wikipedia
"A Treasury of Health by Pope John XXI [era 1277]"
The treasury of healthe conteynyng many profitable medycines gathered out of Hypocrates, Galen and Auycen, by one Petrus Hyspanus [and] translated into Englysh by Humfre Lloyde who hath added therunto the causes and sygnes of euery dysease, wyth the Aphorismes of Hypocrates, and Iacobus de Partybus redacted to a certayne order according to the membres of mans body, and a compendiouse table conteynyng the purginge and confortatyue medycynes, wyth the exposicyo[n] of certayne names [and] weyghtes in this boke contayned wyth an epystle of Diocles vnto kyng Antigonus.
[English] Publication Date: 1553 By (author) Pope John XXI (era 1277)
Remedies - Agaynst a Carbuncle Capi. LIX
. . . The ioyce of Hempe, afore the fyt taketh away the feuer.
Remedies - Agaynst the scabe and french pokes cap. LXII
. . . Take of red colewortes, fengreke Percely, sothernewod, tansey, strawbery leaues, and suet, brere leaues, plantayn leaues, hempe, redmadder smallage, cransebill, Alam, nuttes, before al thynges let them be sodde~ together in pure whyte wyne, & put therto a lytle hony, giue it vnto the pacient early & late, and anoynte ye wound wtout when he hath dronke of ye sayd potion, & lay theron a lefe of red colewortes & keape the same co~tynually ouer it, it openeth it and hath ben often prouyd.
SAINT HILDEGARD OF BINGEN
THE PHYSICA - (12 Centery) By Hildegard of Bingen
The only original [non-reproduction of an old Greco-Roman work or a translation of some Arabic text] medical work from this period that we have come across comes down to us via St. Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179), a woman monk, who wrote on various subjects (including medicine) and according to one author: “Argued that it was important to strengthen the sick body physically so that it could withstand more easily the attacks of the devil and his assistants.”
Of Hemp in her book “The PHYSICA” she wrote:
XI. HEMPOnce more, remember that her herbal was written in the middle of the 12th Century, and in its own way, represented the height of medical knowledge for its day. Thus establishing our point, that Hemp Seed/Hemp seed oil has a pretty long history.
Our internal gratitude to EEBO [Early English Books Online] for much of the enclosed material.
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