DURING THE RENASCENCE
The latest medical technology - year 1607
Below are historical Veterinary books, with references to hemp-seed products.
The experienced farrier, or, Farring compleated In two books physical and chyrurgical. Bringing pleasure to the gentleman, and profit to the countrey-man. ... For here is contained every thing that belongs to a true horse-man, groom, farrier or horse-leach, viz. breeding; the manner how, the season when, ... and what are fit for generation; the feeder, rider, keeper, ambler and buyer; as also the making of several precious drinks, suppositories, balls, purgations, ... and directions how to use them for all inward and outward diseases. Also the paring and shooing of all manner of hoofes, ... The prices and vertues of most of the principal drugs, both simple and compound belonging to farring, ... also a large table of the virtues of most simples set down alphabetically, and many hundreds of simples placed one after another, for the cure of all ... diseases, ... with many new receipts of excellent use and value; never yet printed before in any author. --- Published Date: 1681 By (author) E.R. Gent
These things are good to strow in a Horses Provender.
The Powder of Anniseeds, Licoris, Fennegreek, Bay-berries, Brimstone, Allum, Hemp-seed, Alacampane, or the Roots of Pollipodium of the Oak or Savin, Marshmallowes, Rhue, Hysop, Hore-hound, Colts-foot. If you give him the Herbs green, you must chop them small, if dry, beat them to powder, which Simples will keep him sound and in perfect Health; for their Vertues are to purisie the Blood, prevent Obstructions, open and resolve the Liver, cool the Blood, keep and preserve the whole structure of the body in sound and perfect Health.
Scouring by Grass.
To speak of the most gentle and natural Scouring, which is Grass, which you are to give but for fifteen days together, and no more, for after that it Fatteth, the best Scouring Grass is a new Mown Meadow, for that will Rake his Guts very well, nor will he in such a place gather Flesh; but if you intend to Fat him, you are to take him out from thence, and put him into some other Pasture, where the Sithe hath not been. And this manner of Scouring will cause him to empty himself well of all his evil Hamours and Surseits, ease his Limbs marvellous well, do his Legs and Feet very much good, refine his corrupt Blood, and make him agile and full of Spirit. Next unto Grass is Sorrage, which is only the Blades of green Corn, as VVheat, Rye, Barley, and such like, being given him seven days and no more, which cleanseth and cooleth the Body very much, so doth the leaves of Sallows, and of the Elm-green Thistles, likewise being cut up and given him for about five days is a good Scourer. And the last of these gentle Scourings is the Mash of Malt as ascresaid; but as you are prescribed there to make it of a quarter of a Peck of Malt, you are to take a larger here (if you use it for a Scouring) a Peck of Malt, and put to it a handful or more of beaten Hemp-seed.
Scourings of a little stronger Nature are these.
To Mix with his Oats a Handful or two of Hemp-seed, or to take a Handful of the Powder of dried Box-leaves, and as much of Brimstone, and mix it amongst his Provender. These are to be used after Labour when he hath Sweat much.
Of Purging or Scouring Things in general.
The Entrails of a Carp or Barble cut into pieces, and given him in white-Wine or Ale, or Rye sodden that it burst not, and dried and given him instead of Provender, an Ounce of Alloes made up in Balls of Butter, after it is finely beaten to Powder, purgeth excellently, Spurge boiled in Beer and given him, Hempseed, Fennegreek, Cassia, Honey, Sallet-Oyl, in Sack given him, the powder of Mechoacan boiled in Ale, or Ale-wort, London Treacle and Honey brewed together and given him, or Sene, Agarick and Licoris boiled in Ale and given him, or Gentian sliced and boiled in a quart of Beer till it come to a pint and given him.
Another Scouring when others will not work.
Take a quarter of a pound of sweet Butter, and so much of Castle-Soap, and half an Ounce of Alloes, beat them together, and add two spoonfuls of beaten Hemp-seed, and of Rosin half a spoonful, of Sugar-Candy an Ounce bruised, work them all into a Paste, and give it him in Balls immediately after his heat, and when you have warmed him, and stirred up the Grease and Foulness within him
Of Loosening things in General.
Brank-ursin or Seed, Hemp-seed, Fennegreek-seed, the Juice of the white Beets, Coleworts, Spinage, Mercury, Succory, white Sope and Spurge brayed together and given him to drink, Sallet-Oyl given him in Sack or Ale, or Anniseeds, Linseeds and Piony boiled in Beer, or the Bark of the Elder-Tree bruised and mixed with old Ale and given him, or take of the Decoction of Mallows, Sallet, Oyl and fresh Butter, Benedicta Laxativa, given him Blood-warm Glister-wise, or Rye thrown amongst his Provender, or Mustard-seed, or to anoint your hand with Butter or Hogs-Grease, and pluck away his Ordure, and then put into his Fundament a good piece of the great end of a Candle, or give him in Ale eleven Leaves of Lawrel stamped, the Seed of horned Poppey given him in Ale. All sorts of Docks being boiled are Loosners of the Belly, Marigold-Leaves, Burage, Bugloss, the Leaves of Hounds-Tongue boiled in Ale do mollifie the Belly, Syrop of Violets, black Hellebore or Bears Foot, Hogs Fennel Loosneth the Belly gently, Speraege or Asparagus.
Simples good in general to provoke or expel Wind.
Alexander or House-parsley, Angelica seeds, Bay-berries, the seeds of the wild Carriots, Bishops-weed dissolveth it, Caraway-seeds, Cardamum seeds, sweet Chervil, Cummin taken inwardly, or given in Glisters is good for the gnawing of the Guts and Belly, Dill-seeds, the Herb Devils-bit boiled in Wine, Fennel-seeds, Filapendula or Drop-wort, Hemp·seed, the Berries of Holly, Juniper-berries, the Root of Lovage, Lavender, Nep or Cat-mint, Nutmegs, wild Parsnix, or the Seeds or Roots of common parsley dissolveth it both in the Stomach and Bowels, China-Roots, Winter and Summer-Savoury, penny-royal given him in Sack, Burnet, Saxarage, stone-parsley, the seed of smallage, Time or Mother of Time, Valerian, etc.-- pg150
THE Nature, Temperature and Vertue of most Simples, set down Alphabetically. As also some Drugs, Liquors, Seeds, Rozins and Juices, &c.
Hemp is hot, the Seed consumeth Wind, it is good for the Yellows, openeth the Obstructions of the Liver and Gall, and is good for hot Inflammations, the Seed Loosneth the Belly, strewed amongst a Horses Provender, and allayeth the troublesom Humours of the Bowels. [page 197]
Things good in General for the Falling-Evil· Planet-struck, Night-Mare or Palsey.
Fifteen of the Seeds of the single Peony given him in four Wine; to hang a Flint-stone over his Head, or some old Sythe or old Iron, or to give him exercise before and after water, and to mix Hemp-seed in his Provender· and to enforce him to Sweat, Misetoe of the Oak given, Mustard-seed, the Seed of the black Poplar, Cinquefoyl, Germander, Hysop, St. Johns wort, etc. [page 239]
Things good in General for all Colds or Coughs wet and dry, or for any Consumption or Purefaction of the Lungs.
Agrimony, Bay berries, Elecampane, Licoris, Anniseeds, Long Pepper, Moss of an Oaken-pale or Timber-stick boiled in Milk, Briony, a great purger which must be Corrected, the Gum of the Cherry-tree dissolved in Ale, Colts-foot· hawks-weed, Hore-hound, Juniper berries, Pellitory of the Wall given him with honey and brown sugar candy, penney royal boiled in Milk, Ground pine, the Juice of purslain, the Juice of Jack by the hedge, Scabias, Vervan, Fennelseeds, Fennegreek, Cardamum, Cumin, Ciliris Montany, Nutmegs, Cloves, Ginger, Linseed, Brimstone, Germander is good for all moist Colds, hempseed, Raisins of the Sun, . . .
Another for a Cold and Surfeit.
Take two handfuls of Mallows, one of Sellandine, one of Herb of Grace or Rue, one Pint of Hemp-seed beaten in a Mortar very fine, chop the Herbs, and boyl them in two quarts of Water, to one quart, then put into it a piece of Butter, and give it him luke-warm, and order him as a Horse should be ordered after drenching. [page 247]
What Cures the Scratches will Cure this Disease. Gun-powder bruised in Hogs-grease, and anoint the Grief therewith, a soft Rowed Herring out of the Pickle, beaten with Soap and Allom, and laid to it, and renewing it for three days together, and pluck off the Scabs before you lay it on again, Hens dung and Gilly·Flowers beaten together, or Soap and Lyme laid to it, or the Dung of a Man, or Sulphur, Vitriol, Salt-ntre, Sal· game mixt with Oyl de bay, or green Copperas, Allum and Tobaccho boiled in Urine, or Oyl of Turpentine, Oyl of Hemp-seed, Mustard, Verdegrease, etc. [page 276]
Another inward and outward Application for the Farcy.
After you have Blooded those Buds with your Incision-Knife, which are fresh and green wash them once or twice a day with your Fistula-water, which will Kill them, conditionally you give him this inward Drink with it, viz. Take two quarts of Running Water and put to it, two Handfuls of Herb-grace, chopt indifferent small, with two or three spoonfuls of bruised Hemp-seed, and set it over the Fire, and let it boyl away till it come to three Pints, then give it him three times in nine days, and Order him as you do sick Horses, and he will do well. [page 327]
Things good in General for Molten Grease.
First, to take blood from the Neck-Vein to a good proportion, to let out all the inflamed Blood, and to give him Bran prepared or dried Bran, and if he empties himself, to give him a restringent Glister, which you may find in my First Part. But things in general to be given inwardly are these, Sallet Oyl, Sack, Honey, Cordial powder of Anniseed, Hempseed, Cummin-seed, Fennegreek-seed, Powder of Elecampane Roots, Brimstone, Licoras, Colts-foot. In Maladies of this Nature you must forbear to administer such Drugs as be hot, for that is the way rather to kill then recover your Horse, for lenitive and gentle things are the only means to bring it away.
A Purgation for a Horse Sick of Grease or Costiveness.
Take a Pint of old white-Wine, and set it on the Fire, and dissolve into it a Lump of Castle Soap as big as a Hens Egg, and stir them well together, then take it off, and put into it two good spoonfuls of Hempseed beaten, an Ounce of Sugar-candy beaten to powder, and brew all together; then having warmed the Horse, to stir up nis Grease and other foul humors, give it to him to drink, and walk him up and down a little after it, to make the potion work, then set him up warm, and after a little stirring him in his Stall, if he grow sickish, give him liberty to lie down, then after two houres fasting give him a sweet Mash, and feed as at other times: Or if you find him sick, give him a pint of warm milk down his throat, and he will be quickly well. For Costiveness, Rake out his hard dung, then boyl an Ounce of each of these things in a quart of Beer, viz. Anniseed; Fennegreek, Linseed, and the powder of Piony, and give him a Pint of it luke-warm. [page 378-9]
Particular Receipts to Allay Burning with Shot, Gun-Powder or wilde
Take a stone of quick Lime, which must be well burned, which you may know by its lightness, dissolve it in fair Water, and when the Water is setled· strain the clearest through a fine Cloth, then put into the water either the Oyl of Hemp-seed or Sallet Oyl, of like quantity with the water, and so beat them well together, you shall have an excellent Unguent very precious for all sorts of Burnings. And the Nature of these three Unguents be to leave no scars. Wherefore we apply them for most sovereign Remedies, as well for Man as Beast. [page 389]
Things good in General for the Crick in the Neck.
The Cure is to thrust a sharp hot Iron through the flesh of the Neck in five several places, three inches distant from one another, and to have a care you touch not any Sinew, and Rowel all of them with Horse-hair, Flax or Hemp, for the space of fifteen days, and anoint the Rowels with Hogs-Grease, and the Neck will soon be restored, or to Bathe the Horses Neck with the Oyl of Peter, or the Oyl of Spike very hot, and then Rowle it up in wet Hay, or rotten Litter, and keeping him very warm, without using any burning, wounding, or other violence, he will do well, the leaves or roots of Down or Cotton-thistle given inwardly, or the leaves or roots of the Fullers thistle, Eringo or Sea-holly, or Vineger and Patch-grease melted together, and chafed in very hot against the Hair, and afterwards Bathed in with Soap and Vineger mixt together, is very good.
Hot Simples in General.
Agarick, Aloes, Allum, Anniseeds, Aristolochia, Assafetida, Asonteo, Asarabacca, Arsmart, Archangel, Angelica, Alexanders, Alehoof, Balm, Garden-Bazil, Bayberries, wilde running Bitony smelling like Marjorem, Burrage is hot and cold, so is Brank-ursin, Briony, Broom, Butterbur, Burdock, Brimstone, Celandine, Chervil, Garden clary, Clowns wound-wort, Calamus, Coloquintida, Garden cummin, Chamock, Cinnamon, Cloves, China, Darnel, Elecampane, Fennel, Gentian, Garlick, Germander, stinking Gladwin, Golden Rod, Gromel, English Galingale, Ginger, Glass-wort is so hot that it hath a costive burning quality, Galls, Grains of Paradice, Galbanum, Hemp-seed, . . .
AN ANTIDOTE AGAINST MELANCHOLY
Despite the name, this book contains a lot of veterinary recipes which in 1659 were probably 'state of the art' medicine. However, as can be seen, medical science has advanced some-what since then.
An antidote against melancholy. Or, A treasury of 53. rare secrets & arts discovered, by an expert artist, Richard Amyas. Licensed, and entred according to order --- Published Date: 1659 By (author) Richard Amyas
48. A special Receipt to make Hens lay Eggs all Winter long.
To do this, take the tops of Nettles when they be seeded, and keep them dry, and give a little of the same with Bran, or Barley ground, wet with Beef-broth, or strong Beer: and mix good store of Hemp-seed with it, and give to your Hens, and they will lay you Eggs all the Winter long.
51. An excellent approved Receipt to make a lean Horse fat quickly.
First, let him have his fill of the best Hay that can be had, often changed, not long to be blow'd before him. Secondly, let him be very well dressed twice a day, & gently rode a quarter of a mile at a watering; then let him have his fill of sod Barley, with good store of Hemp-seed mixt with it twice a day, and once a day his fill of Oats and Hemp-seed mixt with the best Beer or Ale; and doubtless your horse will be suddenly fat: alwayes provided the horse be but sound: and for that, take-advice of the Farrier, for I will not hinder his Trade.
Our internal gratitude to EEBO [Early English Books Online] for much of the enclosed material.
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